Tribals – Manipur

Legislations, Ordinance, Laws, Organisations pertaining to Tribals of Manipur


1947: Manipur State Hill Peoples (Administration) Regulation Act, (MSHPAR),1947


1956: Manipur Village Authorities (Hill Areas) Act, 1956

[Relevance: Customary practices and traditions of the tribals of Manipur]


1960: Manipur Land Reform and Land Revenue Act (MLR &LRA),1960

[Relevance: Attempts are being made by the state government to extend this Act to the hills areas of Manipur, with possibility of negative consequences for the tribals. 


1967: Manipur Hill Areas (Acquisition of Chiefs Rights) Act, 1967

[Relevance: Enables Govt. of Manipur to transfer all rights, titles and interest of the chiefs in village land and vest the same in the Government]


1971: Manipur (Hill Areas) District Council Act, 1971


1972: Manipur Legislative Assembly (Hill Areas Committee) Order, 1972


2006: Forest Rights Act, 2006

[Relevance: The Act, willfully, does not exclude the tribal areas in the state in full knowledge of the land holding system of the tribals in the state]


2002: Manipur (Village Authorities in Hill Areas) Second Amendment Ordinance, 2010


2008: Areas) District Councils (Third Amendment) Act, 2008

[Relevance: Allows District Councils to occupy and sell village land, take away forest land, interfere in the appointment/ succession of chiefs/ headman/ chairman and interfere on matters relating to inheritance of property, marriage and divorce and control and regulation of customs and traditions]


2010: Committee on Protection of Tribal Areas in Manipur (COPTAM)



PART X.- Manipur

     1. Aimol

2. Anal

3. Angami

4. Chiru

5. Chothe

6. Gangte

7. Hmar

8. Kabui (Kabui Inpui, Rongmei, as per The Constitution (Scheduled Tribe) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2011)

9. Kacha Naga (Kacha Naga, Liangmai, Zeme, as per The Constitution (Scheduled Tribe) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2011)

10. Koirao (Koirao, Thangal, as per The Constitution (Scheduled Tribe) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2011)

11. Koireng

12. Kom

13. Lamgang

14. Mao

15. Maram

16. Maring

17. Any Mizo (Lushai) tribes

18. Monsang

19. Moyon

20. Paite

21. Purum

22. Ralte

23. Sema

24. Simte

25. Suhte

26. Tangkhul

27. Thadou

28. Vaiphui

29. Zou.


Naga bodies urge Senapati DC

Imphal, March 26 2012: Six Naga bodies of Manipur have urged the Senapati DC PK Jha to revoke the proposed plan of the Government to divert 25 per cent MGNREGS fund to ADC.

In this regard, Naga People’s Organisation, Poumai Naga Union, Maram Union, Thangal Union, Mao Council and Zeliangrong Union, Senapati submitted a joint memorandum to the DC yesterday.

The memorandum said that the Naga bodies were concerned about the external interference in the Central scheme, which aims to provide jobs to the villagers.

[Source: Epao]


COPTAM takes case of tribal issues to NCST

Source: Hueiyen News Service / Newmai News Network

Imphal, September 04 2012:Committee for Protection of Tribal Areas, Manipur (COPTAM) has apprised the National Commission for Schedule Tribe (NCST) in New Delhi today about the issues pertaining to tribal community of Manipur. A five-member delegation of COPTAM led by its chairman Letpu Haokip and general secretary Thangkam Lupheng met Dr. Rameshwar Araon, Chairman of NCST at New Delhi and submitted a lengthy memorandum highlighting the plights of the tribal people of Manipur.

COPTAM leaders informed Newmai News Network over phone from New Delhi that Dr Rameshwar Araon gave a patient hearing when apprised about the tribal issues of Manipur this afternoon.

COPTAM leaders along with Chairman of National Commission for Schedule Tribe (NCST) Dr Rameshwar Araon at the latter’s office chamber at New Delhi

Issues such as Land record and District boundary, MLR & LR Act, 1960, Proposed Manipur (Village Authority in Hill Areas) 2nd Amendment Act, 2011, Proposed Manipur (Hill Areas) District Council, 4th Amendment Act, 2011, Forest Acts, Moreh Rural/Urban issue, Panchayati Raj/Municipality in the hill areas, police boundary and Constitutional provisions for protection of tribal land rights in Manipur are mentioned in the COPTAM memorandum.

According to the tribal leaders, on October 15 in 2010, they had submitted similar memorandum to the National Commission for Schedule Tribe (NCST) and today’s intimation was a reminder of it.

COPTAM leaders claimed that the NCST had asked the state government of Manipur to furnish certain reports on the matters pertaining the tribal people of Manipur in the year 2010 but the state government is yet to reply to the Commission till date.

“We are shock to learn about the attitude of the state government for its reluctance to co-operate with the NCST on the matter,” said the COPTAM leaders.

Prior to their departure to New Delhi, COPTAM leaders in a meeting had resolved that it would oppose tooth and nail regarding the government decision which says that recognition of any new village in the hill districts of Manipur should be done with the consent of the state Revenue department.

COPTAM general secretary Thangkam Lupheng said that they along with the support of the tribal people will oppose the decision.

“The final authority with regard to the recognition of a new village in the hills is the Hills department,” stated the COPTAM resolution.

Thangkam added that another thing that was taken in the recent meeting in Churachandpur has been on the Jiribam issue.

The COPTAM leader says that the Committee does not oppose to the “declaration” Jiribam subdivision as a full fledged district.

“However, if at all the state government grants the Jiribam subdivision to district status, it should be declared as a “hill district” and not otherwise,” said COPTAM resolution.

According to the tribal committee, in case the state government declares Jiribam as a district but still not as a hill district status then tribal villages should be adjusted to include in either Churachandpur or Tamenglong districts.

Driving home its point to prove Jiribam is in a hill district, COPTAM claimed that in the 1970s any government employee posted in Jiribam was given the ‘hills allowance’ by the government.

“This has proved that Jiribam is very much in the hill district,” said COPTAM.

On the hill land survey matter, COPTAM meeting resolved that no agency or government department should be allowed to carry out the survey.

COPTAM’s move on this came after the state Revenue minister had stated in the last assembly session that hill land survey would be carried out soon.

However, expressed if certain acceptable mechanism is done by the state governmentfirst then  the tribal committee may review its decision.

COPTAM cited that all land record should be submitted to the respective Autonomous District Council (ADC) and followed by proceedings acceptable to the tribals before the hill land survey is done by the state government.

On the Autnomous District Councils (ADCs) in the hills, COPTAM said that for namesake it is ‘autonomous’ but in reality it is hollow ADCs in Manipur hills.

“COPTAM demands from the government to make the ADCs in Manipur hills fully ‘autonomous’ .

“Since the elections to the ADCs were held and though it is only a namesake in existence we can do little now to reverse the whole process except to demand for the real autonomous district councils and empower the local people so as to make the grass root level democracy meaningful,” said COPTAM.


COPTAM’s 3rd conclave held

Source: Hueiyen News Service / NNN

Imphal, September 10 2012:Committee for the Protection of Tribal Areas, Manipur (COPTAM) in its 3rd Intellectual Conclave-2012 in New Delhi with a theme, “Protection of Indigenous Tribal Land Rights” has deliberated various issues pertaining to the tribal people and their land in Manipur.

The COPTAM conclave that was held at Constitution Club, Rafi Marg in New Delhi on Saturday was attended by many tribal leaders and intellectuals in Delhi. The programme was also attended by Lok Sabha MP from Manipur outer parliamentary constituency Thangso Baite. On being learnt about the conclave held in New Delhi, Newmai News Network  contacted the tribal leaders in the national capital and they disclosed that various tribal leaders and intellectuals in the programme deliberated on the ‘threats’ posed to the tribal land and the possible means to redress such problems. After a prolonged brainstorming session and exchanged of views on the matter, the tribal intellectuals and activists unanimously decided to affirm the legitimate demands of the COPTAM for protection of tribal areas in Manipur.

The participants then expressed their concerns to the indifferent attitudes of the State Government to COPTAM’s numerous petitions, protests and democratic agitations to address the tribal grievances in Manipur. The tribal leaders appealed to all elected representatives including MLAs, MPs, MDCs and others to co-operate at their own level to favorably solve these sensitive issues. They also appealed to the Union Government for immediate intervention in the matter and initiate steps for protection of Manipur tribal areas under existing Constitutional provisions. The conclave then endorsed for the transfer of hill land records from the adjoining valley districts to their respective hill district headquarters and to maintain land records by respective Autonomous District Councils.

“Hill Land Survey or any other form of Survey in tribal areas should be discouraged until the local self-government institutions i.e., ADCs are fully empowered to maintain land records,” the tribal participants stated. They also demanded the state government should ensure that the original district boundary is restored and maintained on the basis of the villages’ land boundary recognized and recorded in the Manipur State Hill Peoples'(Administration) Regulation, 1947 .

According to the tribal leaders in the conclave, the  superfluous provision of Section 1(2) of the MLR & LR Act, 1960 provided that the State government may, by notification in the official Gazette, extend the whole or any part of any section of this Act to any of the Hill Areas of Manipur also as may be specified in such notification” should be deleted from the Act.

The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 per se may not be applied in the Hill areas of Manipur State. Reserved and Protected Forests declared without the knowledge and consent of the scheduled tribe land owners may be returned to the rightful owners, the New Delhi meeting deliberated. “Government should rather provide Statutory Constitutional Protection of Tribal land, culture, customs, values and traditional institutions such as Chieftainship rather than piecemeal Amendments to the Manipur (Village Authority in Hill Areas), 1956 and Manipur (Hill Areas) District Council Act, 1971,” the participants said.

The conclave asserted that Moreh is a tribal/rural area and should be treated as such in all aspects. They said the proposed creation of Jiribam district should not include even an inch of tribal areas or any villages that falls under the ADCs of Churachandpur and Tamenglong. “Any part of hill districts which has been included under the Municipality/Panchayati Raj without the consent and approval of Hill Areas Committee (HAC) should be totally withdrawn,” the tribal leaders demanded.

The conclave further demanded that appropriate Constitutional safeguards should be extended as enshrined in the Indian Constitution so as to be uplifted and protected at par with our Tribal sisters and brothers of other North Eastern States. At the end of the programme, the conclave unanimously agreed to appoint Dr..LLam Khan Piangas the COPTAM  co-ordinator of New Delhi.


COPTAM calls bandh, ADCs vexed with poll

Source: The Sangai Express / Newmai News Network

Imphal, September 12 2012:While Committee for the Protection of Tribal Areas, Manipur (COPTAM) has called a 12-hour bandh on September 13 in all the hill districts of Manipur against the Panchayat election in some “tribal areas”, Autonomous District Councils have joined the tribal band- wagon.

The “core committee” of the Autnomous District Councils (ADCs) of Tamenglong, Chandel, Ukhrul and Senapati informed Newmai News Network that they seriously view the development while Committee for the Protection of Tribal areas, Manipur (COPTAM) and All Manipur Tribal Union (AMTU) have urged the people of these tribal villages to boycott the Panchayat election due tomorrow.

COPTAM general secretary Thangkam Lupheng who is currently camping in Delhi on tribal issues announced the decision to boycott the Panchayat election in the hills. “The State Government’s decision to introduce the Panchayati Raj in the hill districts is a mechanism to intrude into tribal land and administration,” Thangkam Lupheng stated. Echoing a similar view, AMTU general secretary Romeo Bungdon said, “We hereby urge the tribal villages which are illicitly included in the Panchayat election to abstain from polling and carry out the normal chores as usual as these villages are already included in the Autonomous District Councils (ADCs)” .

To top this, RK Kaba who is the Core Committee convenor of Chandel ADC, Ukhrul ADC, Tamenglong ADC and Senapati ADC said, “Inclusion of 15 villages of tribal area in the Zilla Parishad and Gram Panchayat constituencies in the coming election is a unilateral decision on the part of the State Government which is against the Constitution and anti-tribal policy” .

The Core Committee therefore requests the State Government to immediately revoke the orders in the interest of the tribal people. “In view of the above decision and orders of the government of Manipur, we fully endorse the 24-hour bandh called by the Kuki Inpi, Kuki Students’ Organisation (KSO), COPTAM, Saikul Area Naga People Organisation (SANPO) and Vaiphei Chiefs Association,” said RK Kaba.

Striking a similar line, AMTU while giving their reasons for opposing the Panchayat election in “tribal areas”, has said the participation of the tribal people in that election will amount to urbanisation of the villages which would mean the destruction of the hill village structure. Meanwhile, according to COPTAM, even though the state cabinet had withdrawn Panchayati Raj administration in some parts of hill districts, the Panchayat system id still functioning in some areas. Regarding its bandh, the COPTAM warns anyone for the violation of the agitation.

The bandh will begin from 5 am and ends at 5 pm. These developments have come a day after certain groups had announced to call a 24-hour Sadar Hills bandh on Thursday, the day when the election to the Panchayat election will be held.


ATRPF threatens

IMPHAL, Jul 23, 2014: The All Tribal Right Protection Forum Manipur (ATRPF) has threatened to clamp a total indefinite economic blockade on three National Highways if their demand is not fulfilled.

ATRPF has condemned the alleged indifferent attitude shown to the Hill Area Committee (HAC) by four Cabinet Ministers and 16 MLAs from the hills areas.

Under Constitution’s Article 371 (c) and subsequent order of June 20, 1972, issued by the then President VV Giri, as many as 13 items including protection of land and forest, marriage and divorce, development of village, regulation of Jhum cultivation, public health and all the economic plan within the plan allocation of hills area must come within the purview of HAC, said a press release.

And then Para 3, 4, & 6 of the said order empowered the Hill Area Committee so as to submit the view of the hill areas during the discussion of the Budget session, added the press release.

Since the inception of HAC, it has never carried out their duties in respect of Plan and Budget during the Assembly session, thereby leading to retardation in all spheres of socio-economic development of hill areas. District Council and its functioning are also absolutely within the purview of Hill Area Committee, the press release said.

However HAC has failed to move regarding devolution of power of 26 items in favour of ADC. Hill Area Committee has failed to carry out their statutory power in the Assembly and failed to move regarding devolution of power of 26 items in favour of ADC, which is provided under section 29 of (Hill Area) District Council Act 1971 and its amendment of 2008.

[SOURCE: The Sangai Express]


An open letter to Hon’ble Members of Hill Areas Committee (HAC)


As you are aware very well that Article 371 (c) of the Indian Constitution enshrined to constitute Hill Areas Committee within the Manipur Legislative Assembly without which there can be no Manipur Legislative Assembly, and that in exercise of the power conferred by Article 371 (C), the then, President of India Shri VV Giri made an Order, namely. The Manipur Legislative Assembly (Hill Areas Committee) Order, 1972, thereby devolved the right to consider and pass resolutions recommending to the Government of the State any legislation or executive actions effecting the Hill areas with respect to any scheduled matters. By virtue of the Provision of Article 371 (C) read with the Manipur Legislative Assembly (Hill Areas Committee) Order, 1972, Scheduled Matters Item 1 to 13, it is the sovereign duty of the Hill Areas Committee to execute all the development and economic planning for the hill areas which you have miserably failed to clo so. Therefore, we asked for an explanation why you (HAC) should not be held responsible for all kinds of exploitation faced by the people of the Hill areas. As such, it is our humble letter to all the Hill MLAs to furnish us any step taken including 5-year and annual plans that have been prepared and discussed by the Hon’ble MLAs in connection with the scheduled matters of the said Order.

However, you have failed to exercise and take the benefit of the Article 371 (c) and the said Order of 1972 in the true sense of the term. You have failed to raise your voice against the finalization of the State Annual Budget/Plan 2014-15 which was presented by Chief Minister Okram Ibobi Singh on 15th July 2014 and the 12th Five year plans (2012-17) by the Assembly without the matter being referred to the Hill Areas Committee and also does not submit a separate Budget/Plans for the hills during the Assembly S6SS10H AS SUCn, the hill people have to live continuously without having our own budget and plans to live at the pleasure of the State Government, in fact as per article 371 (c) of the Constitution, the hill people have to live on/develop at the mercy and pleasure of the Hill Areas Committee with regard to the scheduled matters referred above. As such, the hill people have to wait another 5-year plan to see and enjoy our separate 5-year plan starting from 2018 because of your inefficiency and negligence. It is your sovereign duty So discuss and submit plans for the hill areas during this Assembly session, but you have remained silent without discharging your official duty As per mandatory provision of Para 6 of the Order dated 20th June 1972, issued by Shri VV Giri, the then President of India, the Plan (5 years and annual plan) shall not be finalized without taking the view of the HAC. However, recently, the annual plan 2014-15 has been finalized without taking the view of HAC which amount to nullity and void and not binding for which you (HAC) are answerable to the people of hill areas.

You have failed to protect when the Cabinet which is an incompetent authority approved a separate budget for the Autonomous District Councils by superseding your authority empowered by item 2 of the Scheduled Matters. And that you have failed to submit plans (5-year and annual plans) in respect of the Autonomous District Councils (ADCs), thereby making ADCs to become impotent And you have so far failed to submit plan and budget for the protection of lands and forests which is absolutely within the Scheduled Matters, thereby not promoting and also indirectly not allowing the economical growth of the hill people in particular and the whole State population in general. You have totally neglected to intervene in the establishment of Village Committees or Councils and their powers and any other matters relating to village administration including appointment of Village Secretary, Chowkidar, Clerk, Peon, payment of allowances or enumerations, etc.

That, every budget for every village in the hills must be reflected during the plan allocations to be submitted by the Hill Areas Committee and discussed in the Assembly. As per Provision of the Mampur Municipality Act, 1976 and The Manipur Panchayati Raj Act, 1994, they prepare their annual budget and submit to the Jila Parishad and the Jila Parishad will submit the Budget to the concerned authority and the concerned authority will present the budget before the assembly for discussion and approval. As such, they have their own budget including maintenance of office, salaries, electricity, water supply etc. As. per Article 371(C) and the subsequent Order, the Hill Areas Committee is to submit the budget of every village of the hill areas including office maintenance, salaries for Secretaries, Peon, Chawkidar and sitting allowances of the village authority to the Assembly for approval. However, the HAC fails to do so. That, you being the hon’ble members of HAC representing the hill people, it is your primary duty to prepare plan, scheme, budget annually and submit before the Assembly for discussion in respect of every items in the scheduled matters. Surprisingly, you have failed to do so, for which you are answerable to the people. We, therefore, appeal to all the hon’ble members of HAC to nullify the annual budget for 2014-15 presented in the current assembly on 15th July 2014 by Shri. Ibobi Singh, without following the mandatory procedures and rules.

In the light of the facts and the circumstances cited above, we have come to the conclusion without any hesitation that it is not the Centre Government or the State Government of Manipur who exploit and deprive the rights of the hill people. It is the hon’ble members of the HAC who are exploiting, neglecting and depriving the rights of the hill people We are not asking any new things from the Government but only to implement the provision of Article 371 (C) of the Constitution and the Order of Hill Area Committee of the Manipur Legislative Assembly which was enforced since June 20, 1972. In fact, the benefit of the mandatory provision of Article 371(C) and the said Order along with the scheduled matters have not been extended in the hill areas even after lapsed of more than 40 years due to inefficiency and negligence of the hoifble members of HAC. Now, therefore, if you (HAC) failed to settle the matter we will be compelled to take action by resorting to any form of agitation in the hill areas indefinitely.

Yours faithfully,

M. Tolkham Maring

President, Tribal Youth Council, Manipur

[SOURCE: The Sangai Express]


 ATSUM submits memo to Guv on various tribal issues

Kangpokpi, July 19 2014 : Drawing attention of the state government towards various issues related to the tribal people in Manipur, All Tribal Students’ Union Manipur (ATSUM) has submitted a memorandum to the state Governor today.

The memorandum stated that tribal constitute about 43% of the total population of Manipur as per 2013 census report and occupy 93% of the total geographical area.

However, the percentage of tribal employees in the state government is a dismal with 18% only which ought to be 31% as per latest reservation policy of the state government, it added.

The memorandum signed by ATSUM president Emboi Serto and Secretary Marahang Ngiimai said that most important Central and State Institutes including RIMS, MU, CAU, JNIMS, SAI, MIT, IIIT, Khuman Lampak Sports complex etc are all located in the two Imphal districts only.

According to the tribal student apex body, reservation for SC/STs has been a litigious issue in the state since its inception in 1972.The Manipur Reservation of Vacancies in Post and Services (for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes) ACT 1976 has been kept inoperative for one reason or the other.

After much persuasion by ATSUM, a Special Assembly of the Manipur Legislative Assembly was held from 15-18 September, 2006 to introduce and pass the Amendment Bill, the memorandum recalled.

However, some sections and clauses which are controversial, unsatisfactory and harmful for the tribal’s interest are inserted in the Bill, it alleged, saying the insertion of a new clause ‘ACTION TAKEN IN GOOD FAITH’ in the 2007 Bill under Section 18A and 18B is not in the original 1976 Act nor in the ‘proposed’ 2006 Bill.

ATSUM asked the intended meaning of ‘GOOD FAITH’ and wondered the very purpose of having a law if the offenders are to be exempted ‘in good faith’ or ‘intend to be done under the Act’ .

A particular clause was added in the Rule Book by the department officials ‘in good faith’ by saying that, “In the event of ST candidates not in the position to fill their reserved seats, the same can go to SC or General Candidates” asserted ATSUM.

It also said that the year this clause was inserted, only 1 ST candidate was found to have qualified the written test and the remaining 17 seats were about to be allotted to general candidates.

ATSUM took this matter to the streets, the media and finally to the Supreme Court of India.

The state government has somehow managed to pushed through the controversial Bill in 2007 but the same is yet to practically inoperative because of non-approval of the said Reservation Rules.

Moreover, the draft Rules which is practically followed at present conventionally has shifted to 200 Roster instead of the then 100 Point Roster systems pointed out ATSUM in the memorandum.

ATSUM further pointed out that the previous 100 Point Roster put ST in Sl.No.1 and SC in No.4 whereas in the new ‘200 Point Roster’ put ST and SC in Sl.No.4 and 53 respectively while adding that this practice in one way may be justified but is very unfair considering that Reservation policy is introduced in our country to uplift the lower sections of the society to the level of the general categories.

No Reservation policy or Roster system is ever followed in recruitment on Contract, Adhoc or Part Time basis, ATSUM alleged adding that due to this unfair practice, more than 20000 state government jobs/posts meant for the STs of the state are being occupied by general (Meiteis) .

The brunt of the imbalanced Reservation Policy in Manipur has been witnessed in Manipur University which was converted to Central University a few years back.

The University authority who never take serious note of the conventionally practiced state Reservation policy suddenly become serious with the Central Reservation Policy that gives only 7.5 % to the STs and 15.5% to SCs.

ATSUM demanded immediate intervention of the Governor in the introduction of the rules of Manipur Reservation of Vacancies in Post and Services (for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes) ACT 1976 .

Regarding Hill Areas Committee in the state, ATSUM pointed out the Constitution of India has specially made this institution powerful so that the marginalized Tribal people and their interest will be looked into with special care.

While alleging that Manipur Hill Area Committee is more or less like a government department, ATSUM demanded that the Hill Area Committee functions properly and fearlessly.

Let the chairman of Hill Area Committee be always from the opposition not from the ruling party, asserted ATSUM.

The tribal student body also urged the state government to follow the guidelines of the Planning Commission and Implement Tribal Sub Plan in the state in Toto.

While urging the state Government to materialize its promise of delegating power to the ADC, ATSUM maintained that after more than 20 years, elections to the District Councils are conducted with stiff opposition from the Nagas.

The members of ADCs are mostly selected not elected so there is no democracy in the real sense of the term in the hills, it said.

ATSUM also sought that the two separate administrations of Civil administration and police administration must be under one administration.



MUTSU, IGNTU supports reservation in admission

Source: Hueiyen News Service / NNN

Imphal, August 04 2014: Manipur University Tribal Students’ Union (MUTSU) and Indira Gandhi National Tribal University (IGNTU), Regional Campus, Manipur (RCM) expressed their full support for the communiqu� sent by Manipur University vide its Letter No.MU/6/14/2008/Admin.I, dated July 23, 2014 to the Secretary of the Governor of Manipur regarding the approval and recommendation of implementation of the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Amendment Act, 2012 with special reference to clause- (ia) in section 2 .

MUTSU and IGNTU said, “Hitherto the conversion of Manipur University (MU) from a State University to a Central University, the Admission reservation policy for Scheduled Tribes (ST) was 34% as per the state government norm.

However, the reservation for STs in admission came down to a paltry 7.5 % after conversion of the State University to a Central University.

Ever since, the tribal students have been requesting both the state and Central Government to review and rectify this imbalance.

We thank the State Government for eventually taking due cognizance of these requests and taking due and appropriate steps for empowerment of the tribal peoples” .



Quota reduction triggers violence in Manipur University

The Manipur University campus at Canchipur in Imphal witnessed violence on Tuesday night after an order to vacate hostels by Wednesday evening. Armed policemen and paramilitary personnel are deployed outside the MU campus to maintain law and order.

A late night order asked students staying in hostels to vacate within 4 p.m. on Wednesday. Inflamed by the order, a group of students vandalised rooms of the wardens of three boys’ hostels. They also set beds and several other items from hostel rooms on fire to prevent police and officials from entering the campus.

The agitated students also closed down the university campus from 10 p.m. on Tuesday. The gates of three girls’ hostels were locked up.

Trouble has been brewing in the university for some days over the implementation of the Central Educational Institution (Reservation in Admission) Amendment Act, 2012 from the current academic session. Scheduled Caste students have been objecting to this Act while the Manipur University Tribal Students’ Union supported it. Though it was widely felt that this polarisation may trigger clashes among the students the MU authorities apparently did not take up any preventive measures, university sources said. However, university officials who do not want to be named said, the order to vacate was a precautionary measure. The admission test based on the new Act will be held on August 12, 2014.

Under the Act, reservation for Scheduled Caste students will come down to 2 per cent from the current 15 per cent whereas that of Scheduled Tribes students will go up to 31 per cent from 7.5 per cent. Reservation for the OBC category too will be reduced from 27 per cent to 17 per cent.

Groups who oppose the Act said it could not be implemented as the predominant population group of the State, the Meiteis are non-tribal.

Though instructions to implement the new Act were sent on September 28, 2012, university authorities has not been acting on it so long, sources said.

[SOURCE: The Hindu]


ATSUM announces 24 hr hills bandh

KANGPOKPI, August 18: The All Tribal Students’ Union Manipur today announced its decision of 24 hr total bandh in all hill district of the State from midnight of August 21 demanding implementation of Central Educational Institution (Reservation in Admission) Amendment Act 2012 from the current academic session the student body .

Emboi Serto, the tribal student apex body chief asserted that the body has already appealed to the government and the authority concern to rectify and resolved the issue before August 20 with a cautioned of launching any form of agitation but the State government as well as the MU authority has paid no attention to the appeal.

He continued that it is a matter of great concern to learn that the Manipur University Administrative Council has decided to follow the Central Educational Institution (Reservation in Admission) Amendment Act 2012- an Act passed by an Act of Parliament to be followed strictly-from the next academic session only while totally ignoring intentionally just because some section of the people object to it.

The state Government and the MU authority should know that there must be no excuses and grounds for postponing the implementation of the Amendment Act, Emboi said before adding that the Government and the concerned authority should not play with the Amendment Act which was passed by the Parliament.

Striking a chord Emboi further lamented that we must not forget that Manipur is inhabited by the Scheduled tribal which constituted around 43% of the total population. The Scheduled Caste had about 2.5%. For the past many years Meeteis have enjoyed maximum seats due to following the central reservation norms whether they are General, OBC or SC. The tribals which constituted some 43% are left with just 7.5%.

The student body also had earlier request the agitating students not to misinterprets the contends of the Clause 2 of the Amendment Act 2012 and appeals for understanding the reality while allow the 43% tribals of the state to enjoy at least 31% in admission as per the Amendment Act 2012 but that too bears no positive fruit.

As appeals earlier to all the tribal organization to be ready for any eventualities if at all our rights are being denied by the Manipur University ATSUM urged all tribal organization to stand united and put heads together in the agitation, Emboi appealed.

When our rights are infringed upon whenever others become beneficiaries out of our share and rights we can no longer be timid or silent, asserted Emboi while holding responsibility to the state Government as well as the MU authority and all tribal elected representatives if any negative thing comes out of agitation.

While appealing to all transporters, businessmen, educationist, Govt. employees and others to adhere with the student body decision and refrain from their works ATSUM said that only Medical and Media will be relaxed from the purview of the 24 hr total bandh to be effective in all hill district of the state.

If the state Government and MU authority still remain silent over the issue after the total bandh ATSUM will announced its further course of agitation said Emboi.



BJP Morcha urges for paying honorarium to VA members

Imphal, September 14 2014: Vice president of Bharatiya Janata Party, BJP (ST) Morcha, Chandel district, Momo Tanganga has urged the concerned authorities to initiate the payment of remuneration/ allowance/honoraria in favor of members of Village Authority and members of Village Court in the hill areas at the earliest and also appoint Secretaries and chowkidars/peons in order to secure the proper functioning of Village Authority and Village Court.

It may be stated here that Momo had submitted a memorandum regarding the demands to the Chairman of Hill Areas Committee (HAC), Manipur Legislative Assembly, Chief Secretary, Government of Manipur, Principal Secretary, Tribal Affairs & Hills Department, Government of Manipur on August 30, 2014.According to the representation submitted, it was stated that under the provision of the Manipur (Village Authorities in Hill Areas) Act, 1956 every member of Village Authority in the hill areas of Manipur are discharging their official duties as provided under section 16 and 17 of the said Act and members of Village Court are also discharging their official duties under section 17, 19, 31, 33, 41, 43 and 49.But surprisingly, no remuneration/allowance/honoraria were provided to the said members which are a mandatory according to Article 23 of the Constitution of India.

According to Momo Tanganga, members of Village Authority and Village Court are discharging their duties for the benefit of the public and as such they are liable to receiveremuneration/allowance/honoraria as mandated under article 23 of the Constitution of India.

Momo also told that that without the assistance of secretary and chowkidar/peon, the Village Authority and Village Court in the hill areas of Manipur cannot run effectively.

Hence, it is a necessity to appoint the said posts just like it is done in the valley under the Manipur Panchayati Raj Act, 1994 (Manipur Act No.26 of 1994) and Manipur Gram Panchayat and Zilla Parishad (General) Rules, 1995 .

He also told that the Chairman and the members of Village Authority are elected from among the villagers under section 3 & 7 of the Manipur (Village Authorities in Hill Areas) Act, 1956 and the President and members of Village Court are also appointed under section 19 & 49 (2) of the said Act.

As such they are the representatives of the villagers and are entitled to enjoy remuneration/allowance/honoraria for the services they have rendered to the state.

Stating the facts and circumstances regarding the matter, Momo has appealed to the concerned authorities to look into the matter and provide the necessary remuneration in favor of the members of Village Authority and the members of Village Court at the earliest in the larger interest of the public.

[Source: E-Pao]


TSA apprises Union Home Minister on tribal issues
Hueiyen News Service / Newmai News Network

Imphal, September 16 2014: The Thadou Students Association-General Headquarters (TSA-GHQ) has submitted a lengthy memorandum to Union Home minister Rajnath Singh regarding the issues confronting the Manipur hills.

One of the points in the memorandum said there are 14 higher secondary schools in the hill districts of Manipur which are served by only 17 regular and 259 contractual basis Lecturers.

Whereas, there are 25 higher secondary schools in Manipur valley area, which are served by 434 regular and 455 contract Lecturers.

All the schools and colleges in the Manipur hill areas are in pathetic condition.

Despite B.Ed course being a requisite qualification for teaching profession, no B.Ed study centre has been set-up in the hills.

No power is bifurcate to the separate office of the additional Directorate of Education(S) Hills, the TSA-GHQ memorandum said.

Another point of the TSA-GHQ memorandum is on the State Election Commission Manipur vide order no.12/1/2012-Sec notification of July 27, 2012 that announced the general election to Imphal East, Imphal West, Thoubal and Bishnupur Zilla Parishads and all Gram Panchayat therein 18 hill villages which included in the Gram Panchayat/Zilla Parishad constituencies although they came under the jurisdiction of the present Autonomous District Councils and pay Hill House Tax to the Manipur government through their respective Headman/Chief.

“The villages registered their objection and the matter was asked as starred question no.42, 26-06-2012 in the state Legislative Assembly.

Subsequently the Hill Areas Committee (HAC) on 8th August, 2012 vide Resolution no.26/2012(HAC) unanimously resolved that there shall be no local body election in the Hill Areas of Manipur other than the Autonomous District Council and Village Authority elections.

But the Manipur government blatantly imposed the said election on these Villages.

Meanwhile, Manipur Government formed a five member Expert Committee on 21st Feb., 2012 to monitor an implementation of Manipur (Hill Areas) District Council Act, 1971 and Manipur Village Authority (Hill Areas) Act, 1956 as well as other related rules, and submit a report in this regard within 90 days.

This so called committee is formed without consulting the matter to HAC.

The committee has not been able submit the report till date.

These are the glaring example of defeating the mandatory provision of the constitution by the Manipur Government.

There are many more incidences of such ultra-vires in Manipur,” the memorandum stated.

It then alleged that the Manipur Government held the six Autonomous District Councils election, only to save the image of Manipur Government in the eyes of Centre Government.

They do not given their powers which are provision by certain act.

And kept at Imphal (except churachandpur and Sadar Hills) like toothless Tigers, without deploy to their respective districts even after more than 3 years of election in 2010, the TSA added.

The TSA memorandum then alleged that in exercise of the power conferred by Article no.371(C) of the Indian constitution, former President V.V Giri made order by an extraordinary gazette of India at New Delhi on June 20, 1972 with respect of to the state of Manipur and placed development and economic planning within the plan allocation for the Hill Areas along 13 other items under the second schedule of the order within the purview of the Hill Areas Committee (HAC).

However, almost all the development and economic planning within the plan allocation are done without consulting the Hill Areas committee (HAC) the Tribal and Hill Department which have been declared as nodal agencies in reality stay inert and are self-explanatory of the manipulation and centralization of the executive and administrative power by the state.

It will not be farfetched to say that the statutory laws in respect of Hill Areas, i.e Manipur (Hill Areas) District Council Act, 1971, Manipur(Village Authority in Hill Areas) Act, 1956, Manipur State Hill People (Administration) Regulation Act, 1947 are ineffective and thus have become redundant.

It also alleged that the Home Department’s notification of June 14, 2011, wherein inclusion of more than 120 villages of Saikul Sub-Division of Sadar Hills/Senapati district including some villages of Ukhrul district and Tamenglong district under the police jurisdiction of Imphal East district and Thoubal district is a clear manifestation of encroaching land in a systematic way.

It is also not surprising that the Land Revenue Record of many villages under Chandel, Ukhrul, Churachandpur, Tamenglong and Senapati Districts are in the custody of their adjacent valley districts.

With the existence of 200 point roster (Manipur Reservation of vacancies in post and service for Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribes), the innocent tribal populace has been losing seats particularly at the time of piecemeal recruitment due to the fact that the initial position of reservation placing Sl.No.1 in 100 roster is now placed in Sl.No.4 in 200 roster, the memorandum added.

On the census issue, the TSA memorandum said as per the latest statistical data reflected in 2011 census report, the roster quota for the tribal should be 38% and not the prevailing 31% that has been in vogue for decades without changing the figures of percentage despite numerical growth of population in the Hills.

Besides, adding fuel to the fire, most of the departments have started inviting application for a piecemeal recruitment in their ulterior motives to manipulate and exploit the rights and privileges of the Tribal.

For instance, Manipur Assembly Secretarial conducted a closed door recruitment of grade IV without issuing recruitment notice.

As per information is concerned, the result of this closed door recruitment was back date to November 21, 2013 and salaries for three months have been released.

Under these circumstances, the provisions of reservation remain unfulfilled through bureaucratic and manipulative deformation by narrow interpretation of the special provision, the memorandum mentioned.

Scheduled Tribes (STs) have historically suffered from an enormous disadvantage and development deficit as compared to the rest of the population.

This was explicitly recognized in the constitution of India, with mandated special protection and provision for STs.

Subsequently, the Government of India initiated the concept of Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) in fifth Five Years Plan with critical initiative to bridge the development gap between STs and the rest of the population.

Despite the guidelines issued by the Planning Commission for effective implementation of TSP, Government of Manipur had deliberately defied the guidelines.

According to the memorandum, out of the total geographical area of Manipur i.e 22,327 Sq Km, only 8% constitutes the valley inhabited by the dominant Meitei community, whereas more than 90% constitutes Hill Areas which are inhabited by various ethnic tribal groups.

But the major shares of development funds are implemented only in the valley occupied by the dominant race.

For instance, annual budget for the hill and valley is 35/65.Valley portion of the Manipur allotted 40 assembly seats out of the total of 60 seats leaving only the remaining 20 seats for the majority populace in the rural/Hill Areas.

According to the TSA-GHQ memorandum, as Hill Areas (Tribal Areas) would be losing 10 Sq Km of Land besides bifurcation of many tribal villages between India and Myanmar on account of construction of border fencing, we ought to detest vehemently the ongoing border fencing.

With sly political and bureaucratic manipulation of the GoM have been exploiting our natural resources without the knowledge and consent of the community who owns the Land and Resources.

For instance, Manipur Government announced to snatch 3000 acres of Tribal Land at Haolenphai/Chandel without the knowledge and consent of Villagers, in the name of Centre Government’s policy of 100 Smart Cities.

Despite provision the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, it added.

The Thadou Students Association then said the government of Manipur’s policies to intrude Tribal Lands by employing State Laws like New Land Use Policy(NLUP), Manipur Land Revenue and Lands Reforms Act (MLR&LR), Village Development Council (VDC), Joint Forest Management Committee (JFMC),etc.

in the name of development has led to destruction of Tribal Land, Customs, Traditions, Cultures and Laws.

Immigration of non-indigenous people in tribal areas and eroding of indigenous livelihood means and suturing tribal exploitation in the lands of the already progressed/prospered majority(i.e Meitei).

In this particular context, the emergence of look east policy of India Government and the State Government’s lobby for a Smart City in Manipur in Moreh border Town present a bittersweet delicate and dangerous for the indigenous Tribal overwhelmingly welcome the India Government’s Look East Policy initiatives which present a prospective future for Indian and also indigenous Tribal in the process the “Smart City” agenda has threatened to implant/displace the indigenous customs, culture and population from the Tribal Land (i.e Moreh/Haolenphai Village where Manipur Government intends to acquire 3000 acres of Tribal Land).

This play to establish “Smart City” in the name of development only cast dark clouds of doom and extinction for tribal ownership of Moreh/Tribal/Thadou Land as the very “NDA” of “Smart City” is to transport hugely dominating majority community into the Smart City where the Tribal will be marginalised in all terms.

Since, the Tribal voice have so far been muffled by the Manipur Government, while there is no protective laws like “6th Schedule” implemented to re-assure us.

In this context, the Government of India will go a long way in maintaining peace, harmony and growth of Tribal People in the whole State, it added.

“The above points are the glaring example that poses threat to the survival and identity of the Thadou Tribe in particular and Tribal population of Manipur in general.

With all these grievances and unsecure situation, how could we Welcome, Smart City or anything else, make our live secure first.

In fact, we are very much afraid about smart city which will threat our live, tradition, culture, resources and as well as our Land.

Since, we came across the annual report of ministry of rural development GoI 2007-08 regarding Tribal Land issue in M.P, Odisha, Tripura, etc.,” the memorandum pointed out.

It then said in the light of the perceived and felt threats accentuated by the past experiences vis-a-vis State Laws to snatch/encroach Tribal Lands.

It is the expressed desire and lobbying of the Tribals of Manipur that the India Government take proactive steps to protect and preserve the Tribal lands, identity by influencing the Manipur Government not to go ahead with the unauthorised illegitimate and criminal act of forcibly acquiring tribal lands (3000 acres) in the name of Smart City which is violating of Tribal Land Laws, Customs and Intents.

It is our earnest request and appeal to the Government of India to scrap the process of approving a Smart City plan at Haolenphai Village, Chandel District, Manipur, so that we may not have to take our own action and protection measures against such intrusive Manipur Government’s initiatives, the Thadou Students Association also stated.

According to the memorandum, the Sixth Schedule of Indian means for special provision and protection of the most backward indigenous tribals by the magnanimous Indian Government, which has been implemented/ enforced in the States like Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and West Bengal (Darjeeling-Gorkha Hill Council), is still being denied to the vulnerable and backward tribals of Manipur.

While the 6th Schedule has been denied to the tribals of Manipur, persistent Manipur Government’s Laws like NLUP, MLR&LR act, JFMC, VDC etc.

have been employed to encroach tribal Lands and overwhelmingly welcome India Government’s policy for development in north east India, which has gained momentum over the past decade, it is our compelling and unflinching desire and demand to safeguard our rights and identity by allowing us to enjoy the already existents so called 6th Schedule provision of the great Indian constitution.

This 6th Schedule will re-assure us and make us open up to further interaction and integration with the large community of Manipur as well as the mighty Indian mainstream, it said.

“With reference to the above cited points, we are to draw your kind attention to consider above the points of demand in the interest of the Thadou Tribe in particular and the concerned Tribal population in general.

We hopefully believe that the Government on India would not neglect the sentiment of the tribals,” the memorandum of the TSA-GHQ concluded.

 [Source: E-Pao]


A scandal at Manipur University

Thangkhanlal Ngaihte

If you are someone who depend on the daily newspapers in Manipur to make sense of the state, you may be forgiven for thinking that the hill tribal people of the state are a bunch of losers. Can they do anything other than make loud complaints, write condemnations, and try to block every development ideas that the government thought up? Why should they be suspicious of every initiative that the government take regarding them? They have their own MLAs and MDCs representing them in the state administration, after all.

As it turned out, complaining about injustice and discrimination may be all they afford to do. And getting heard in the state media may be all they get for their shoutings. It’s a truism that those who wield real power do so silently; it is the powerless who are out in the streets and shout.

I have been haunted by these thoughts as I read through the memorandum recently submitted to president Pranab Mukherjee by the Manipur University Tribal Students Union (MUTSU) jointly with Manipur Tribal Rights Forum, Delhi. MUTSU has been highlighting the gross anomalies regarding ST reservations in the Manipur University for sometime now. The immediate issue is about the non-compliance by MU to the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Amendment Act, 2012 which has stipulated 31 percent reservation for scheduled tribes. But, what really caught my attention are the data on the category-wise composition of the existing faculty in the university.

The data, compiled by MUTSU, shows that there are 70 professors in the various schools of Manipur University, none of these were from the ST category. There are 40 associate professors, none of whom are from ST. Out of 61 assistant professors, 10 are from ST; four of them, according to the data, were selected under unreserved pool. Which means that only six out of 61 assistant professors were recruited under the ST quota. In all, the state tribals occupy 3.3 percent of all faculty seats in MU.

I have known that the STs are hugely under-represented, but sheer scale shocked me. I got in touch with MUSU leaders who assured me that they had gone over the faculty list of all departments carefully and make the compilation based on that.

Manipur University was set up in 1980. Till 2005, it was a state university. As a state university, the tribals in Manipur are entitled, by law, to 31 percent of the staff and faculty recruitments and student admissions. After it was converted into a central university in 2005, the argument was put forward that the reservation for scheduled tribes will now be 7.5 percent, which is the national norm.

The Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Amendment Act, 2012, which received presidential assent on 19 June, 2012, has now specified that in the seven northeastern states, the reservations for admissions in central educational institutions will follow the proportion of population of various categories. Accordingly, in Manipur, reservations will be in the order of 31, 2 and 17 percentages for STs, SCs and OBCs respectively even though in the case of STs, their proportion to the total population as per the latest census is more than 31 percent). Fifty percent will be recruited under unreserved category.

The fact that there are simply no tribal professors and associate professors tell us that violation of the reservations policy was at its grossest during the time the university was a state university. Indeed, the MUTSU memorandum says that in 2005, there were only two tribal faculty members out of the total strength of 125. Given these facts, it is undeniable that something akin to what someone has called ‘ethnic cronyism’ has been at work here since a long time. All the shouting that the tribals occasionally do doesn’t mean a thing.

This is, of course, not an isolated situation. In a paper presented at a seminar we had conducted way back in 2005 in Delhi, Dr. John H. Pulamte, then president of the All Tribal Students Union Manipur (ATSUM) had explained the modus operandi employed to get round the reservation norms. He said: ‘In Manipur, reservation policy that was supposed to benefit the SC/STs has been cleverly exploited first by dividing the “grades” into different cadres and then ignoring with intent the roster system. For example, group “D” posts are segregated into Drivers, Chowkidars, Gardeners, Ward Boy, Mason Helper, Peon, etc. and are recruited one by one so that most of the posts goes to the major communities.

Unlike other states of the country, the state of Manipur has also been cleverly using the term “general” in place of “unreserved” so that only a specific group of people occupies the “open” seats.’ The MUTSU memorandum states that to facilitate this loot, technique adopted was ‘peacemeal’ recruitment, so that the ST reservation point need not be taken into consideration. When you advertised for two positions, and then one and then three, where does the 31 or 7.5 percentage comes in? No wonder, Pulamte used the word ‘clever’ at least three times.

Dr. Pulamte went on to claim that the Meitei people, ‘who constitute a little more than half of the state population are getting more than 80 percent of all government jobs and seats.’ He gave a data showing percentage of STs in Class I and II posts in 14 departments of the state government (as in 2003). The data shows that the Industries Department, at 26%, has the highest proportion of tribal employees while the Veterinary and Animal Husbandry department, at 4.7 % has the lowest proportion of tribal employees.

These figures speak for themselves. Unfortunately, there is nothing to show that the situation has changed for the better. I am very sad that the majority community, while glibly talking of hill-valley unity and oneness with slogans like ‘ching-tam amatani’, did not try to practice the first principle of moulding unity.

The surest way to win people over to our side to give them a stake, to make them stateholders in the state’s administration, welfare and economy. To make them an integral part of the state. To integrate them so deep inside that anything that hurts the state also hurts them. If you serially exclude them and deprive them of what’s due to them, can you really complain when they want to get out? One should be scared of someone who have nothing left to lose.

[SOURCE: Epao Online]


Dismayed ADCs reiterate Sixth Schedule Provision

Lamka, October 16 2014: Dismayed over the non devolution of powers to the Autonomous District Councils (ADCs) under the Manipur (Hill Areas) District Council, Third Amendment Act 2008 even after four years four years of ADC elections, the Autonomous District Councils of the six districts of the state demanded implementation of the long pending demand for extension of Sixth Schedule of Indian Constitution in the Hill Areas of Manipur.

‘Even after four years of elections, we see no change and are denied powers bestowed under the said Act which has listed 26 (twenty six) subjects under its Section 29 sub-section (1)’, lamented ADC Chairman of Churachandpur Langkhanpau Guite, while adding that “we feel proud to be part of the Indian democracy, but it pained our heart to experience alienation, discrimination, deprivation and subjugation.

Several memoranda have been submitted to the State as well as to the Central Govt. to redress our grievances, unfortunately all these prayers have so far remained unnoticed”.

Elaborating his point, he said that strengthening the ADCs under the Sixth Schedule will bring down the unrest and chaos in Manipur’s hill areas, and development and progress will subsequently follow.

The existing six Autonomous District Councils (ADC) in Manipur namely Churachandpur, Chandel, Sadar Hills, Senapati, Ukhrul and Tamenglong were installed in the year 1973 in pursuance of the North Eastern Reorganization Act, 1971 which later became a Parliamentary Act called ‘The Manipur (Hill Areas) District Council Act, 1971 .

However, due to non devolution of the powers and functions under the said Acts and Rules, the ADC Election had been withheld since 1989 in demand for extending the provisions of the Sixth Schedule Provision of the Indian Constitution to these ADCs.

Three successive state governments in the State had adopted resolutions for 6th schedule implementation based on the recommendation of the Hill Areas Committee (HAC) Manipur.

However, the issue was kept in abeyance by the State Government despite repeated reminders from the Centre.

After 20 years, the ADCs were revived and elections were held in 2010 with a renewed hope under the Manipur (Hill Areas) District Council, Third (3rd) Amendment Act, 2008. But to utter dismay of hill people, there has been no change and powers under the said Act are denied.

According to the new Act, there were 26 (twenty six) subjects enlisted under Section 29 in sub-section (1) of the principal Act.

The Hill Areas of Manipur is the only Tribal Areas in North East India which is ignored, unattended and unjustly left out from extension of the Sixth Schedule Provision of the Constitution of India, whereas, all other Tribal Areas in the whole of the North Eastern States such as Mizoram, Meghalaya, Assam and Tripura were under 6th schedule Provision to safeguard the interests, customs and culture of the tribals, said one of the ADC chairmen.

[SOURCE: Epao Online]


ATSUM’s highway bandh from today

Imphal, October 20 2014: The All Tribal Students Union Manipur (ATSUM) has decided to go on with their proposed stir of clamping an indefinite blockade on National Highways and imposing complete ban on Central Government projects in the hill districts from today midnight.

Speaking to reporters at its office, ATSUM president Muan Tombing said that the students body announced the stir after the State Government failed to translate its assurance, given on November 25 last year, into action.

All forms of passenger and commercial transport services would be totally blocked on Imphal-Dimapur, Imphal-Jiribam, Imphal-Jessami and Imphal-Mizoram highways, he said and added that ATSUM would also impose a ban on all the Central Government projects being undertaken in the hill districts of the State with effect from today midnight.

However, media and medical services would be exempted from the purview of the stir.

Saying that ATSUM has been apprising the Government of their 12 points charter of demands by submitting memorandum from time to time, Muan Tombing alleged that the Government has not done anything tangible so far.

On education sector, ATSUM demanded regularisation/appointment of contract graduate teachers (2006 batch), regularisation of contract Higher Secondary lecturers, providing proper infrastructure to schools, early setting up of BEd centres in the hill districts, power bifurcation to separate office of the Additional Directorate of Education (S) Hills and NIOs be recognised by the University and COHSEM in Manipur.

Regarding healthcare, the union demanded the Government to make all PHSCs, PHCs, CHCs and DHCs functional, provide equipment and depute doctors and required manpower, conduct a special recruitment drive for ST encompassing different grades of posts in JNIMS and strictly adhere to regional characters in matters of admission and recruitment of jobs as per the MoU signed during the time that RIMS came under the Union Ministry of Health in 2009 .

ATSUM also demanded effective governance in hill districts to secure proper functioning of the Hill Areas Committee and bringing the ADCs in Manipur at par with the ADCs in other North Eastern States, setting up of ST Commission and effective implementation of Tribal Sub-plan.

The union also demanded the Government to ascertain the total number of backlog posts in every Department and filling up the vacancies by holding a special recruitment drive for ST as agreed in principle during the discourse between GoM and ATSUM on November 25, 2013, increase reservation from 31 percent to 38 percent as per the latest statistical data reflected in 2011 Census report, cancellation of Grade-IV employees in Manipur Legislative Assembly Secretariat which according to ATSUM was conducted inside closed door and increase of admission and recruitment reservation for STs to 31 percent.

[SOURCE: Epao Online]


ATSUM appeals to Amit Shah to set up a State ST Commission

IMPHAL, April 18: The All Tribal Students`™ Union Manipur (ATSUM) today has submitted a memorandum to Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) President, Amit Shah, highlighting the plight and grievances of the tribal populace living in Manipur.

In the memorandum the ATSUM drew the attention of the visiting BJP president the urgent need to set up a Manipur State Commission for Scheduled Tribe to oversee the implementation of various safeguards provided to Schedule Tribes under the Constitution of India.

As evidence, it said that the tribal quota in Manipur Legislative Assembly has been Manipulated and Exploited in as much as the tribal people are exploited adding that it is a reflection of the fact that the tribal are not treated as equal partner.

The end result of this discriminatory outlook a wide range of gap between the hill people and the valley dwellers in every sphere of life `“ simply because special provisions are granted in the constitution of India has been deprived by way of narrow interpretation and bureaucratic manipulation of reservation for weaker sections of the society, it said.

As necessitated to poise an equilibrium in posts and reservation in the Assembly secretariat, ATSUM had been demanding for filling up the backlog posts of ST in the Assembly Secretariat. As such, the Chief Minister instructed the officials representing the talk on October 22, 2014 at the Chief Minister`™s chamber to ascertain the number of backlog posts inclusive of detail information of employees and reservation of quotas against sanction posts.

However, Assembly secretariat has furnished a bogus data which does not correspond to the data obtained from MIS. As of fact, out of 316 post created only 19 ST employees were accommodated against the 200 points rosters of Manipur Reservation of vacancies in post and services for SC & ST, wherein scheduled tribes ought to get 52 number of posts, it alleged.

The non-existence of State Chief Information Commissioner has virtually left the RTI Act 2005 non- functional, it claimed adding that most of the information sought for by the RTI activists has been denied on a flimsy ground without citing proper justification or reason.

Substantiating its claim, the ATSUM said that the Information sought under section 6 (1) of RTI Act 2005 for furnishing information in the Manipur Legislative Assembly Secretariat on January 10, 2014 has received no response to his information requested within the specific time limits.

It further asserted that the Scheduled Tribes (STs) have historically suffered from an enormous disadvantage and development deficit as compared to the rest of the population.

The Government of India initiated the concept of Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) in Fifth Five Year Plan with critical initiatives to bridge the developmental gap between STs and the rest of the population yet despite the guidelines issued by the then Planning Commission for effective implementation of TSP, Government of Manipur had deliberately defied the guidelines, it further alleged.

In education sector as well the discriminatory practice spread its wing said ATSUM.

It claimed that despite repeated request for recruitment of lecturers in higher secondary schools in the hills, no tangible has been done so far to regularize contract Lecturers.

It is not surprising that only 17 regular Lecturers are manning 14 (fourteen) Higher Secondary Schools in the hills, it said adding that when taken into account the record of comparison between the valley and hills lecturers of government higher secondary school, there is a huge disparity.

It continued that there are 17 numbers of regular lecturers and 259 lecturers who are engaged on contractual basis in 14 Government Higher Secondary School in the Hills while there are 434 regular lecturers and 455 contract lecturers with a total of 889 lecturers manning 25 numbers of Goverment Higher Secondary Schools in the valley.

Moreover, anywhere in the educational institutions functioning in the hills, there is an acute shortage of teaching faculties and rampant survey by the Union and the data collected from the respective ZEO`™s office reveals that, in total 778 arts graduate teacher 674 science graduate teachers and 262 Hindi graduate teachers are lying vacant in the hills.

It pointed out that as agreed upon the talks between the Government of Manipur and ATSUM, subsequently approved by the cabinet on September 2, 2014 for regularisation of 705 contract lecturers in Higher Secondary School and in continuation of the talk with Government of Manipur (GoM) on October 22, 2014, the GoM was reminded to complete the special formalities of regularisation before the commencement of the academic session 2015-16. But, nothing tangible is done so far.

Despite tabling the issue for regularisation of the 333 verified Adhoc teachers under Education (s), the state government has kept the Adhoc teachers`™ position in abeyance when the Hill schools are reeling under acute shortage of teachers since the past many decades, it said.

As enshrined in the constitution of India under Article 371-C, anything pertaining to the hills should be referred to the Chairman HAC to implement proper functioning of the Hill Area Committee. Unfortunately it has not been able to function despite repeated pressure from the public. The Manipur Government has done nothing in line with the Article 371 C till date, it said.

The ATSUM also alleged that the congress led SPF government of Manipur has failed to materialise the constitutional provisions enshrined for the protection and upliftment of the weaker sections of the state in respect of every spheres, especially in the above mentioned matters.

Taking into account the prolonged plight, ATSUM appealed the BJP president to do the needful in uplifting the tribal populace in Manipur.

[SOURCE: Kangla Online]



3 Responses to “Tribals – Manipur”

  1. Yamkho-on Says:

    The latest development taking place in Manipur clearly shows about what will happen very soon

  2. Who drew the Ching-Tam line? | voiceclubweekly Says:

    […] of the people. There are separate tribal area laws enacted by the constitution and state assembly (, there are separate political parties of these tribes. They campaign on the ethnical […]

  3. film forum manipur - Search Yours Says:

    […] Tribals – manipur | infomaram […]

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